عنوان المقالة [English]
The absolute object is known in syntax works as just the absolute object in its usual term, that is to say, the infinitive-single words, which are appointed and also have the same root with the verb, with emphasis or numerical functions, or the expression of the type or substituting the verb. But, apparently, the Jaars and Majrūrs (Preposition Phrases) which can perform such functions and play the role of absolute object have been neglected so far. This is because the Arabic syntax is both diacritic-and-singular oriented, and in determining the role of Jaars and Majrūrs, it often enough to consider a verb or a pseudo-verb factor. While apart from Jaars and Majrūrs which take the role of predicate, adjective, and present tense, it's possible to define grammatical functions for many other Jaars and Majrūrs. The present article uses a descriptive-analytical method relying on some Quranic and non-Quranic examples and tries to highlight that there are two absolute objects: one is the dominant form which is the singular-appointed infinitive that is famous in syntactic norms as absolute object; and the other form which is used rarely, consists of letter (ba) and (kaf) added to co-rooted Majrūr infinitive with verb, considering specific conditions and criteria.
الكلمات الرئيسية [English]